Today, some of the best hoverboards are designed and manufactured with state-of-the-art self-balancing technology. These electric hoverboards have two wheels connected to their sensors individually. Let’s have a separate look at each of them to have a proper understanding of how an electric hoverboard works.


The built-in Gyroscope sensors in the self-balancing scooters send data to the logic board as soon as you place your feet on the foot board and tilt forwards or backward. This helps you move forward or backward and make turns conveniently, without falling off.

IR Sensor

While standing straight on the board, the IR (Infrared) sensor, which is placed right underneath the foot placement, is activated and sends a signal to the logic board to stay still and not to start the motor.


An accelerometer uses variable capacitance to measure position in 3 linear dimensions. One capacitor is used for each of the 3 dimensions, where one of them is kept constant while the others are free to change its position accordingly.

The capacitors are highly sensitive to any position changes. As the distance between the plates of the capacitors change, so does the capacitance. This change further alters the voltage that you can finally monitor and use according to your convenience.


The magnetometer in a self-balancing scooter works on the principle of Hall Effect, by accurately measuring the magnetic field compared to the earth’s magnetic field.

Brush-less Electric Motor

In contrast to a brushed DC motor, a brush less electric motor is used in any UL2272 certified hoverboard. The electromagnets are placed on the stator, while the rotor houses the permanent magnets. The electromagnets are then charged in the stator that facilitates a full 360-degrees rotation of the rotor to give the maximum power to the electric hoverboard.

Logic Board

The logic board in a hoverboard is similar to the CPU of a computer. The microprocessor is the most crucial component of any logic board, which helps to receive data from the various sensors and sends processed data to the respective parts for proper functioning. The logic board also prevents the battery from burning out by managing the power efficiently.

Tilt and Speed Sensors

The speed of your hoverboard is controlled with the tilt and speed sensors, which sends the data to the logic board and gyroscope by measuring the wheels’ velocity in motion in revolution per minute (RPM).